el 81% de los pacientes con edades comprendidas entre 45 a 59 años presentaban abfracciones, EDAD se asocia significativamente con las. DENTALES. abfraction la abfracción abrasive elabrasivo abrasion of teeth abscess abutment acid acidulated phosphate fluoride acrylic appliance active caries. Tooth wear or tooth surface loss is a normal physiological process and occurs throughout life but is considered pathological when the degree of.

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External resorption Internal resorption Irreversible pulpitis Reversible pulpitis Pulp necrosis Pink tooth of Mummery. It is defined as the irreversible loss of tooth structure due to chemical dissolution by acids not of bacterial origin.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Non-carious tooth surface loss and assessment of risk”. Before any intervention or restorative treatment is started, a diagnosis of tooth wear should be made based on the clinical signs and a carefully elicited history.

Dental Erosion and Medical Conditions An Overview of Aetiology, Diagnosis and Management

Views Read Edit View history. This occurs because the white enamel has eroded away to reveal the yellowish dentin beneath.

Drinks vary in their resistance to the buffering effect of saliva. The teeth may form divots on the chewing surfaces when dental erosion is occurring.

Wear in dentistry — current terminology. The article was titled “Abfractions: A number of medications such as chewable vitamin C, aspirin and some iron preparations are acidic and may contribute towards acid erosion.

Kelleher M, Bishop K. Tooth tissue is gradually weakened causing tissue loss through fracture and chipping or successively worn away leaving a non-carious lesion on the tooth surface. This phenomenon is demonstrated in the LASCA maps abfraciones show the greater prevalence of dark blue on the right side, indicating sound tissue, and lower prevalence on the left side, indicating eroded tissue.


The most denatles cause of erosion is by acidic foods and drinks. Self-induced vomiting increases the risk of dental erosion by a factor of 5. Abfraccilnes thorough examination is needed both extra-orally and intra-orally. Palate Bednar’s aphthae Cleft palate High-arched palate Palatal cysts of the newborn Inflammatory papillary hyperplasia Stomatitis nicotina Torus palatinus.

Acid erosion

Pulpitis Radicular cyst Periapical abscess. Single photocopies may be made by individuals without obtaining prior permission. One theory suggests that the abfraction lesions will only form above the CEJ. Abfraction is a form of non-carious tooth tissue loss that occurs along the gingival margin.

The term abfraction was first published in in a journal article dedicated to distinguishing the lesion. West Indian Med J. Dental erosion can lead to two major tooth colour change – the first being a change of color that usually happens on the cutting edge of the central incisors.

A representative image of the samples under white and laser illumination shows that although there are abfraccionez stains in the left portion of each sample due the dye from the cola beverage, structural changes are difficult to assess with the naked eye. Archived from the original on Squamous cell papilloma Keratoacanthoma Malignant: Reduced salivary flow rate, a common symptom of bulimia, predisposes an individual to dental erosion due to increased vulnerability to the effects of acidic food and drinks.

In the anterior teeth, there is increased incisal translucency, incisal chipping and, in moderate to severe cases, cupping out of the incisal edges Figs.

Also, medical problems that cause a reduction in salivary flow Table 4 can affect the extent of dental erosion. Saliva acts as a buffer, regulating dentalrs pH when acidic drinks are ingested. However, an objective diagnostic procedure is still needed, thus the study of the laser speckle imaging for tooth enamel may provide the first low cost objective diagnostic method for this disease. There is a high consumption of fruits, fruit juices and carbonated beverages in Trinidad and Tobago and this may be similar to other Caribbean islands.


Type of erosion Causative factors Regurgitation intrinsic erosion Regurgitation may be an involuntary occurrence as a complication of gastrointestinal problems, or be voluntary or patient-induced as in anorexia nervosa or abfraccionnes.

Acid erosion often coexists abvracciones abrasion and attrition.

Tooth wear is defined as the loss of tooth substance in the absence of caries and plaque 1. The analysis of laser speckle imaging in the spatial domain is a powerful diagnostic technique that provides information on the surface microstructure of tooth enamel after an acid etching procedure using patterns and LASCA maps. Cementicle Cementoblastoma Gigantiform Cementoma Eruption cyst Epulis Pyogenic granuloma Congenital epulis Gingival enlargement Gingival cyst of the adult Gingival cyst of the newborn Gingivitis Desquamative Granulomatous Plasma cell Hereditary gingival fibromatosis Hypercementosis Hypocementosis Linear gingival erythema Necrotizing periodontal diseases Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Pericoronitis Peri-implantitis Periodontal abscess Periodontal trauma Periodontitis Aggressive As a manifestation of systemic disease Chronic Perio-endo lesion Teething.

It is a normal physiological process and occurs throughout life but is considered pathological when the degree of destruction abfraccones excessive or the rate of loss is rapid, causing functional, aesthetic or sensitivity problems. Abfraction lesions will generally occur in the region on the tooth where the greatest tensile stress is located. A review of the literature”. Acquired tooth disease K02—K05— There is also an association with vegetarian diet and erosion 2.