Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.
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Each flower has a 6-lobed calyx and 6 spreading petals which encircle two types of stamens fertile stamens and sterile staminoides which are borne on a cream-colored androphore.
Couroupita guianensis – Plant Finder
Berg Couroupita venezuelensis R. Guianenss Couroupita surinamensis Mart. Close-up of flower Photograph by: Sign up for our e-newsletter. Couratari pedicellaris Rizzini Couroupita acreensis R.
Leaf margins are entire or finely serrate. Downloaded on 30 May Fruits hanging from trunk Photograph by: It is primarily native to rainforests in the Guianas French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana in northeastern South America, but has been widely planted in a number of different tropical to semi-tropical areas around the world.
Although the flowers lack nectar, they are very attractive to guianenslswhich come for the pollen. The pollinators must work their way between the two areas of stamens as they gather the pollen.
Fruit Gardening Vegetable Gardening. Fallen fruit Photograph by: Leaves are alternate or in apical whorls.
Views Read Edit View guianesis. This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat The leaves, which occur in clusters at the ends of branches, are usually 8 to 31 centimeters 3 to 12 inches long, but can reach lengths of up to courouupita centimeters 22 inches. There are two areas of stamens: The fruit is edible, but is not usually eaten by people because, in contrast to its intensely fragrant flowers, it can have an unpleasant smell.
One tree can hold as many as flowers per day. Fruits that remain whole may be broken open by animals such as pecarries.
Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the guainensis without any details of how to utilize the plants. Antimicrobial, antimycobacterial and antibiofilm properties of Couroupita guianensis Aubl. Last update on Leaves typically drop once, but sometimes twice, per year, usually in response to dry weather, hence the designation of deciduous for this tropical tree.
Culture Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. The carpenter bee Xylocopa brasilianorum is a common pollinator of cultivated trees in Rio de Janeirojust outside the tree’s native range.
Couroupita guianensis – Wikipedia
Native Amazonians use extracts of several parts of the tree to treat hypertensiontumorspainand inflammation. Problems No serious insect or disease problems.
Retrieved 21 December On windy days, the fruits often bang against each other on the tree creating a sound reportedly resembling a cannonade. Other carpenter bees such as Xylocopa frontalisas well as waspsflower fliesand bumblebeesare also known to visit the flowers. The seeds are covered with trichomes which may protect them as they pass through the animals’ digestive systems.
Some trees flower profusely until the entire trunk is covered with racemes. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region.