Tratamento da esporotricose felina refratária com a associação de iodeto de potássio e itraconazol oral. Download PDF. Cite this paper. Sign in and Save the . Larsson, C.E; Gonçalves, M.A; Araújo, V.C; Dagli, M.L.Z; Corrêa, B.; Fava Neto, C . Esporotricose felina: aspectos clínicos e zoonóticos. Revista Instituto Medicina. A transmissão zoonótica, especialmente por gatos infectados, tem sido demonstrada em diversos relatos e séries de casos. Nós descrevemos a ocorrência.
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Unfortunately, most of the human general physicians and dermatologists do not know or give the proper attention to the role that cats play in sporotrichosis transmission. The feline habits of digging esporotricowe or covering their excrement with soil or sand, and sharpening its nails on tree trunks, are responsible for the carriage of fungus on its claws, even as a healthy host, becoming able to infect other animals and men with Sporothrix.
Sporothrix schenckii isolated from domestic cats with and without sporotrichosis in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Epidemiology of sporotrichosis in Latin America.
Not only the cat, but also the armadillo Dasypus novemcinctuswhich is permanently in contact with soil, digging holes and galleries, is involved in human transmission of sporotrichosis, in Uruguay 8.
Cited 20 Source Add To Collection. The disease may spread, mainly if there is improper use of corticosteroid, and may be followed by generalized organic signs like lethargy, depression, anorexia and fever. The cutaneous form is the most commonly reported among cats and dogs, mainly the fixed and cutaneous lymphatic form dogs. Cited 32 Source Add To Collection. The sporotrichosis is much more frequent among cats in comparison to dogs.
Sporotrichosis – WSAVA – VIN
Generally the lesions are neither painful nor pruritic. DIAGNOSIS The diagnosis is based on anamnesis data place and kind of breeding, age, sex, contact with other animals or vegetables, etcon physical examination and complementary exams cytology, fungal culture, inoculation in laboratory animals, intradermal reaction, serology and histopathology “intra-vitam” and “post-mortem.
Download PDF Cite this paper. However, in the last three years has been observed an intriguingly sporotrichosis outbreak in Rio de Janeiro, a southwest state of Brazil. The sporotrichosis is a subcutaneous mycosis caused by the dimorphic, nonspecific fungus Sporothrix schenkiiwhich exists as a saprophyte in soil, vegetables and organic debris. Initially, eflina lesions are very similar to those caused by fighting, and are presented as abscesses, draining tracts or cellulitis.
Four animals showed laboratory adverse effects represented by an increase in liver enzymes. Twenty – nine animals presented clinical adverse effects, which were classified esporrotricose mild in 26 animals.
Cited 15 Source Add To Collection. However, cases of treatment failure in cats have been reported. In tropical countries, like Brazil and many others in South America, Asia and Africa, is extremely frequent the occurrence of human and animal sporotrichosis.
Itraconazol is the drug of choice for the treatment of the disease due to its effectiveness and safety. Frequently, these professionals attribute the infection to the contact with vegetables, soil etc and completely forget the possibility of infection from scratch and bite of diseased cats.
Effect of long-term administration of ketoconazole in cats.
The median time from treatment until clinical cure with the combination was 20 weeks. The lesions are commonly seen on the esporotriccose, distal limbs or tail, which may often resemble the cryptococcosis ones. Conti Diaz 1 Estimated H-index: The disseminated form involving bones is uncommon in dogs and cats 5,6.
The largest amount of feline sporotrichosis cases found in literature is from Freitas et al. Besides the classical and usual dermatozoonosis dermatophytosis, canine and feline scabies, otodectic mange, cheyletiellosis, flea bite and hemintic dermatitis it’s been verified a preoccupying growth in the human sporotrichosis cases in Brazil, due to the contact with affected cats.
Of the 38 cats included in the study, 24 were cured, treatment failure oc urred in five and death in three cats. Almeida, F; Sampaio, S.
Sporotricosis acquired from a cat. Inaccording two Brazilian esporitricose 14 in the disease incidence was seen similarly to what was happening in the USA, Japan and South Africa. The first report relating sporotrichosis transmission from cat to man is frompublished by Brazilian physicians 1. In Brazil, it was already diagnosed in mules, donkeys, chimpanzees, bulls, rats, dogs and cats 8.
Acta Scientiae Veterinariae
Are you looking for Raphael Francisco Dutra Barbosa da Rocha. Among the dermatitis to be differentiated, there can be included demodicosis, pyoderma, panniculitis, mycobacteriosis, histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, pheohyphomicosis and mycetoma 4,13, Additionally, the drug is an alternative to human patients unresponsive to itraconazole.
The cutaneous lymphatic form is characterized by nodules that come out from the entrance point of the agent sporotrichotic cankergenerally at one limb, with subsequent ascending infection via the lymphatics, generating secondary nodules, that often ulcerate and discharge a purulent exudate.
In the cutaneous form, multiple firm nodules are present, developing draining tracts, with ulcerated, verrucous and exudative areas. It’s been isolated from tree bark, sphagnum moss, conifer seedlings, what probably justify the occurrence of disease in gardeners, farmers, miners, and animal, seedling and flower handlers. Very often the veterinarians also forget a basic rule in veterinary dermatology: The use of potassium iodide associated with itraconazole has proved to be an effective and safe therapeutic regimen and, therefore, represents an option in the treatment of feline sporotrichosis refractory to itraconazol.
Sandro Antonio Pereira 15 Estimated H-index: In Brazil, until the sixties, the human sporotrichosis was the second most common deep mycoses, just after the South American blastomycosis. Treatment of refractory feline sporotrichosis with a combination of intralesional amphotericin B and oral itraconazole.