Time Duration and Simultaneity . Chia (), inspired by process philosopher Henri Bergson’s thinking about time, argued against the way knowledge about. Bergson. – Duration And Simultaneity [Book Review]. J. Merleau-Ponty Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe. Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant.

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Notice that Freud and Breuer’s Studies on Hysteria did not appear until So, fourth, the effort of intuition what simulaneity us to place ourselves back within the original creative impulse so as to overcome the numerous obstacles that stand in the way of true knowledge which are instantiated in the history of metaphysics. Henrk would also have to be able to extract from the motion per’ ceived in space and sharing the divisibility of its trajectory, the “pure mobility,” the uninterrupted solidarity of the before and after that is given in consciousness as an indivisible fact- We drew this distinction just before when we were speaking of the fiery path traced out by the shooting star.

A qualitative multiplicity is therefore heterogeneous or singularizedcontinuous or interpenetratingoppositional or dualistic at the extremes, and progressive or temporal, an irreversible flow, which is not given all at once. The two theories are equiva- lent for the mathematician. If I now open my eyes, I see that my finger is tracing on the sheet of paper a line that is preserved, where all is juxtaposition and no longer succession; this is the unfolded, which is the record of the result of motion, and which will be its symbol as well.

Second, the diversity resulting from evolution must be accounted for as well. Yet even this image siultaneity inaccurate and incomplete, for it represents duration as a fixed and complete spectrum with all the shades spatially juxtaposed, whereas duration is incomplete and continuously growing, its states not beginning or ending but intermingling.

The very forces that have generated the formulas are instead now being explained by those very formulas. We can see again that there are bodily needs which must be satisfied.

Duration (philosophy) – Wikipedia

Only those contemporaneous events in S remain contemporaneous in S’ which are situated in the same plane perpendicular to the S system’s direction of motion. Our concept of duration was really the translation of a direct and immediate experi- ence. We could be walking day and night. But the ether theory, properly amended, may very well be picked up again by the theory of relativity.

According to them, the line OA would contract as the result of its motion in such a way as to re-establish equality between the two double passages. Bergson then presents the image of a spectrum of a thousand gradually changing shades with a line of feeling running through them, being both affected by and maintaining each of the shades.


In other words, conscious representation results from the suppression of what has no interest for bodily functions and the conservation only of what does interest bodily functions.

How do we pass from this inner time to the time of things? But without the second, we would have no particular measurement, we would end up with a figure t representing anything at all, we would not be thinking of time. The Apparent Nature of Relative Simultaneity. Even in a moving system, it would still be fine for the synchronizing of two clocks O and B situated on a line perpendicular to the direction of its path; we know, in fact, that if the motion of the system leads O to O’, the beam of light makes the same run from O to B’ as from B’ to O’, the triangle OB’O’ being isosceles.

But, if each body, taken individually and arrested where our habits of perception bound it, is in great part a being of con- vention, why would this not be so for the motion considered to be affecting this body individually?

This entry has no external links. As we have already suggested, Bergsonian intuition is memory. Einstein’s was truly a relativity theory; Lorentz’ was not, though it had some of the consequences of relativity, for example, the impossibility of discovering the state of mo- tion of a body from experiments confined to it. The nature and even the exact location of this change escape us; we can only note certain changes of position that are its visual and surface aspect, and these changes heenri necessarily reciprocal.

While the relationship between consciousness and matter instantiated in the instinct of animals is sufficient and well adapted to their survival from the point of view of the specieshumans are not adequately equipped in this respect; hence the necessity of something like intelligence, defined by the ability to make tools.

Bergson was born in Paris on October 18, ; he was the second of seven children of a Polish Father and English mother; both of his parents were Jewish. We shall then say that we havemeasured the time of this simultaaneity and of the universal unwinding as well. The experiment is con- ducted without reference to a clock or to time, so the effect, if any, of motion on clocks cannot account for the observations.

Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPaperswith links to its database. I shall revert to this later: Let us now consider the passage of the beam 72 1 The earth’s motion may be thought of as a rectilinear, uniform trans- lation during the course of the experiment. Andrew Wutke – manuscript. He was appointed professor of philosophy at the College de France in and elected a member of the French Academy in This consideration seems to me final.


Indeed, for Bergson and this is the center of his truly novel idea of memory, memory conserves the past and this conservation does not imply that one experiences the same re-cognitionbut difference. This argument is, I think, in principle sound and is legiti- mately applicable to such a case as that of Foucault’s pendu- lum, in which the gravitational field of the revolving stellar system is called upon to explain the phenomenon when the earth is supposed at rest.

Bergson was a notably exceptional pupil throughout his childhood. A Subsidiary of Howard W.

Einstein’s was “complete relativity” see especially pp. Sikultaneity association of creative emotions with mystical experience means that, for Bergson, dynamic religion is mystical. The success of the rational method, however, gives us the illusion that the force with which an individual obeys any particular obligation comes from reason, that is, from the idea or representation, or better still, from the formula of the obligation.

A full analysis of this treatment of the problem would, I think, afford great insight henrj the nature of the relativity of motion, and I have made three unsuccessful attempts to get such an analy- sis published.

Duration and Simultaneity

If all the clocks thus synchronized showed the same time, it really was at the same instant. It was designed to decide between Newtonian mechanics and the Maxwell-Lorentz elec- tromagnetic theory; we must therefore not presuppose that either of these is true.

He showed that if this were so, no experiment carried out on any body at all, without reference to anything external, could reveal whether that body was moving or not although, in fact, there was a real differ- ence between these states provided that the motion was uni- form and that its simulyaneity did not exceed that of simultanneity.

Thus, when I am trying to remember something, I at first see nothing all. Our experience of sympathy begins, according to Bergson, with our putting ourselves in the place of others, feeling their pain. First, sci- ence runs counter to common sense only when strictly neces- sary. They arise from the fact that two mental views of relativity, one radical and conceptual, the other less thor- oughgoing and full of imagery, accompany each other in beryson minds without our realizing it, and that the concept undergoes contamination by the image.