ISOMERIA CONFORMACIONAL DE ALCANOS Y CICLOALCANOS PDF

View alcanos_ from CIENCIAS D at Marista University of Guadalajara. Estructura y conformaciones de los alcanos Conformacin Eclipsada. Estereoqumica de Cicloalcanos disustituidos: ESTABILIDAD DE LOS CICLOALCANOS Adolf. Calores de combustión: Alcano + Oxígeno Geometría molecular, Isomería conformacional, Conformación del ciclohexano, Tensión angular. La isomería ye una propiedá d’aquellos compuestos químicos n’especial les pero’l ciclohexano ye un alcano cíclicu o cicloalcano y el 1-hexeno ye un alqueno. . Los isómeros conformacionales xeneralmente nun son xebrables o.

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Conformations of Ethane Caption: The ring strain of a planar cyclobutane results from two factors: The angle compression for butane is The different arrangement formed by rotations about a single bond are called conformations, and a specific is called conformer.

The six-membered rings in cis- and trans-decalin assume chair conformations. Cyclohexanes with tertiary-butyl substituents show that an axial t-butyl group is severely hindered.

Structures of some cycloalkanes. The conformation of cyclobutane is slightly folded. Pure conformers cannot be isolated in most cases, because the molecules are constantly rotating through all the possible conformations.

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Isomería – Wikipedia

The other eclipsed conformations are lower in energy than the totally eclipsed conformation but are still more unstable than the staggered conformations. The unfavorable conformation has both methyl groups in axial positions, with a 1,3-diaxial interaction xe them. Their physical properties resemble those of alkanes.

In the actual molecule, the boat conformation is skewed to give the twist boat, a conformation with less eclipsing of bonds and less interference between the two flagpole hydrogens. Alcanos ramificados tienen p.

Chair interconversion would still produce an axial and an equatorial methyl.

Conformational Analysis of Butane Caption: Los substituyentes axiales interfieren con los H axiales del C 3 y Ve 5. The high reactivity of cyclopropanes is due to the non-linear overlap of the sp3 orbitals.

Chair Conformations of trans-1,3-Dimethylcyclohexane Caption: Often, the longest chain with the most substituents is not obvious. Angle strain in cyclopropane. Any carbon with four sigma bonds has an sp3 hybridization.

Alcanos y Cicloalcanos by Adrian Marcelo Giurno on Prezi

Folding gives partial relief from the eclipsing of bonds, as shown in the Newman projection. Conformational Energy Diagram of Cyclohexane Caption: An equatorial methyl group will be anti to the C3. The simplest alkane is methane, CH4. Torsional energy of propane. The staggered conformations are lower in energy than the eclipsed conformation because the isomeira allows the electron clouds of the C-H bonds to be as far apart as possible.

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Estructura y Estereoquímica de Alcanos

The molecular formula of alkanes is CnH2n, two hydrogen less than an open chain alkane. Totally Eclipsed Conformation of Butane Caption: The Newman projection is the best way to judge the stability of the different conformations of a molecule.

Viewed from the Newman projection, the chair conformation has no eclipsing of the carbon-carbon bonds. When looking for the longest continuous chain, look to find all the different chains of that length.

Torsional strain in cyclopropane. Butano tiene 2 conformaciones alternadas diferentes: Chair Conformations of cis-1,3-Dimethylcyclohexane Caption: