The Jewish State – Theodor Herzl’s Program for Zionism. Theodore Herzl’s pamphlet Der Judenstaat, The Jewish State, was published in It heralded. Project Gutenberg · 58, free ebooks · 3 by Theodor Herzl. The Jewish State by Theodor Herzl. No cover available. Download; Bibrec. The Herzl text was originally published under the title Der Judenstaat in Vienna, Theodore Herzl was the first Jew who projected the Jewish question as an.
|Published (Last):||2 April 2010|
|PDF File Size:||19.82 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||8.26 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Herzl’s “The Jewish State” Middle East news peacewatch top stories books documents judensyaat dialog history Maps donations. It heralded the coming of age of Zionism.
Several articles and books advocating the Zionist idea had appeared beginning in the s, and small Zionist groups such as Hovevei Tzion Lovers of Zion had begun recruiting immigrants to Palestine, but no group had a coherent plan or modern ideology. Herzl’s plan for creating a Jewish State, arrived at after contemplating other solutions as well, provided the practical program of Zionism, and led to the first Zionist Congress in Basle, Switzerlandin August, He received a doctorate in law in and worked for a short while in courts in Vienna and Salzburg, but he soon left law and devoted himself to writing.
In he became Judebstaat correspondent for the influential liberal newspaper New Free Press of Vienna hrzl. Herzl was in Paris when a wave of anti-Semitism broke out over the court martial of Alfred Hsrzl, a Jewish army officer. Dreyfus, gerzl accused of espionage and banished to an island prison, was divested of his rank in a humiliating public ceremony in Januaryas a mob shouted “Death to the Jews.
Herzl became convinced that the only solution to the Jewish problem was the mass exodus of Jews from their places of residence. The Dreyfus case motivated Herzl to devote thought and effort to the Jewish problem. He formalized the concept of emergence from the Diaspora the dispersion of the Jews and return to Zion in The Jewish State. In the Jewish State, he proposed, for the first time, a program for immediate political action. Herzl appealed to wealthy Jews such as Baron Hirsch and Baron Rothschild, to join the national Zionist movement, but in vain.
He found judsnstaat however, in the Eastern European socialists and Zionists who had already formed Zionist groups. The result was the convening of the First Zionist Congress in Basle, which established the World Zionist Organization and adopted the program of attaining a Jewish State to be provided by “public law. If I said this out loud today, I would be answered herl universal laughter. If not in 5 years, certainly in 50, judenstxat will know it.
Der Judenstaat – Wikisource, the free online library
Herzl attempted to gain a Charter from the Sultan of Turkey for the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine, then ruled by the Ottoman Empire. To this end he met in with the German Kaiser, Wilhelm II, in Istanbul and Palestine, as well as the Sultan, but these meetings did not bear fruit. Inhe published a utopian novel about the Jewish state, Altneuland old-new land jjudenstaat vision complete with monorails and modern industry.
The novel concludes, “If you will, it is no legend. Herzl negotiated with the British regarding the possibility of settling the Jews on the island of Cyprus, the Sinai Peninsula, the El Arish region and Uganda.
After hegzl Kishinev pogroms, Herzl visited Russia in July At the Sixth Zionist Congress Herzl proposed settlement in Uganda, on offer from the British, as a temporary “night refuge.
Though the congress passed the plan as a gesture of esteem for Herzl, it was not pursued seriously, and the initiative died after the plan was withdrawn. Herzl met with the king of Italy, who was encouraging, and with the Pope, who expressed opposition.
Herzl died in and was buried in Vienna. After the establishment of the State of Israel his remains were reburied on Mt. Herzl, Jerusalem in the summer of The title “Der Judenstaat” was probably meant as an ironic play on words, since it literally means “The Jews’-State,” a derogatory construction like the “Judenstrasse” Jews’ Street of the medieval ghetto.
He believed that attempts at assimilation of Jews into European society were in vain, as the majority in each country decided who was a native and who an alien. The persistence of anti-Semitism determined that the Jew would always be an outsider and only the herzzl of a Jewish state, a matter of interest to both Jews and non-Jews would put an end to the Jewish problem. In The Jewish StateHerzl envisioned that diplomatic activity would be the primary method for attaining the Jewish State and he called for the organized transfer of Jewish communities to the new state.
Of the location of the state, Herzl said, “We shall take judenxtaat is given us, and what is selected by public opinion.
The Jewish State by Theodor Herzl
Herzl’s The Jewish State included social innovations such as the seven-hour working day. In general, he was interested in an economy where free enterprise and state involvement went hand-in-hand. It was to be a modern, sophisticated and technologically advanced and Europeanized society.
The book became required reading for all Zionists and was taken as the basic platform of political Zionism. In the Jewish State, Herzl anticipated some of the antagonism that the Zionist idea would provoke: Here I would heral that we may as well begin by removing a little of this misery, even if it should at first be no jurenstaat than our own.
It might further be said that we ought not to create new distinctions between people; we ought not to raise fresh barriers, we should rather make the old disappear.
But men who think in this way are amiable visionaries; and the idea of a native land will still flourish when the dust of their bones will have vanished tracelessly in the winds. Universal brotherhood is not even a beautiful dream.
Therefore I believe that a wondrous generation of Jews will spring into existence. The Maccabeans will rise again. Let me repeat once more my opening words: The Jews who wish for a State will have it. We shall live at last as free men on our own soil, and die peacefully in our own homes.
The world will be freed by our liberty, enriched by our wealth, magnified by our greatness. And whatever we attempt there to accomplish for our own welfare, will react powerfully and beneficially for the good of humanity.
In the utopia Altneuland, written inhowever, he proposed a pluralistic democracy where Arabs and Jews had equal rights. Nonetheless, Herzl’s vision dominated many aspects of the Zionist program for better or worse. Like Herzl, they became committed to the premise that Jews must return to performing productive work. As in Herzl’s utopian vision, Israel evolved, through conscious effort to herzzl advanced technological society.
Herzl’s vision of a secular, liberal democracy inspired the Israeli declaration of independence, but the more enlightened aspects of his program have not as yet found full expression in Israeli.
Israeli society continues to discriminate against Arab citizens, though in theory, rights of all are guaranteed by law. The Jewish State would not have been important if Herzl had not taken active steps to implement its program. Herzl did not invent either practical or ‘political’ Zionism.
Practical Zionismthe settling of the land for purposes of rebuilding a Jewish community in Palestine, had been practiced by the Bilu and other groups before Herzl. Political Zionismthe attempt to secure a “charter” for a Jewish state from Turkey, Egypt or another country, judenstsat been around for hundreds of years. It was the program of the false Messiah Shabetai Tzvi in the seventeenth century. Herzl’s contribution was to establish a unified Zionist movement that made a public statement of its political ambitions and settlement program.
The Jewish State – html version.
The entire book, the Jewish Stateis available below as a downloadable or viewable e-book in PDF format. You may also need to download the free Acobat PDF viewer. Do not copy this Web Page – please link to us. Herzl’s “The Jewish State”